CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENVIRONMENT

Data: Vehicle Fuel Economy and CO2 Emissions

A. Ford U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy

Miles per gallon

Select years

  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Cars (domestic and import) 31.2 32.6 32.7 35.7 36.4 36.4
Trucks 24.6 24.1 24.2 24.3 25.0 25.0
Combined car and truck fleet 27.1 26.9 27.8 30.0 29.5 30.1
  • Third party rating

Data notes and analysis:

In 2014, the average fuel economy of our U.S. car fleet and U.S. truck fleet both remained unchanged compared to 2013. However, our combined corporate average fuel economy improved by about 2 percent due to increased customer demand for cars versus trucks. Our combined fleet CO2 emissions improved by 9 percent compared to 2009.

Also see:

B. Ford U.S. CO2 Tailpipe Emissions per Vehicle (Combined Car and Truck Fleet Average CO2 Emissions)

Grams per mile

Select years

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
326 329 318 297 302 297

Data notes and analysis:

Improvement is reflected in decreasing grams per mile. This is the third year that the CO2 data has come directly from Ford’s official Greenhouse Gas report. Under the One National Program regulation, 2012 MY is the first year where a separate greenhouse gas compliance report is required, in addition to the annual CAFE report. The CO2 value includes FFV credits, but does not include credits/debits for air conditioning or off-cycle technologies or CH4/N2O compliance.

Also see:

C. Ford Europe CO2 Tailpipe Emissions per Passenger Vehicle

Grams per kilometer

Select years

  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Phase in of percent best-CO2-performing vehicles 139 128 130 1163 111.52 113.91
100 percent of vehicles 139 128 132 129 129 122

Data notes and analysis:

  1. 2014 values are preliminary data published by the European Commision (EC) publishes preliminary. Official data will be published by European Commission in the fourth quarter of 2015. Only 80 percent of the best-CO2-performing fleet vehicles are accounted for in the 2014 “phase in” data as part of the EC’s phase in plan.
  2. For 2013, final official data from the European Commission (EC) was published October 2014 for passenger cars (vehicle category M1). Only 80 percent of the best-CO2 performing fleet vehicles are accounted for in 2013 “phase in” data as part of the EC’s phase in plan.
  3. Only 65 percent of the best-CO2-performing fleet vehicles are accounted for in the 2012 “phase in” data as part of the EC’s phase in plan.

Improvement is reflected in decreasing grams per kilometer. “Phase in” data shows an increase in grams per kilometer from 2013 to 2014 because it includes a higher percentage of the vehicle fleet as directed by the EC’s phase in plan, and therefore, includes more vehicles with lower CO2 performance than were included in the 2013 “phase in” data. These figures are based on production data for European markets. European and U.S. fleet CO2 emissions are not directly comparable because they are calculated in different units and because they are assessed based on different drive cycles. In 2009, we switched from reporting European vehicle CO2 emissions as a percent of a 1995 base to reporting actual fleet average CO2 emissions, to parallel our reporting for other regions.

Also see:

D. Ford Europe CO2 Tailpipe Emissions per Light Commercial Vehicle

Grams per kilometer

2012 2013 2014
1753 176.72,3 NA1

Data notes and analysis:

  1. No data are yet available for 2014. Official 2014 data will be published by European Commission in the fourth quarter of 2015. 2014 official CO2 Monitoring start for light commercial vehicles (N1). Between 2014 to 2017 Phase in Rule applied by increasing fleet coverage starting with lowest CO2 vehicles; starting 70 percent in 2014, 75 percent in 2015, 80 percent in 2016.
  2. For 2013, final official data from European Commission (EC) were published October 2013 for light commercial vehicles (vehicle category N1). For 2013, 70 percent of the best-CO2- performing light commercial vehicles are accounted for in this data as part of the EC’s phase in plan.
  3. For the calendar years 2012 and 2013, the specific emissions targets are not binding. As a consequence, the 2012 data for light commercial vehicles should be considered incomplete.

Improvement is reflected in decreasing grams per kilometer. “Phase in“ data shows an increase in grams per kilometer from 2012 to 2013 because it includes a higher percentage of the vehicle fleet as directed by the EC's phase in plan, and therefore, includes more vehicles with lower CO2 performance than were included in the 2012 “phase in” data. Note: For the calendar years 2012 and 2013, the specific emissions targets are not binding. These figures are based on production data for European markets. European and U.S. fleet CO2 emissions are not directly comparable because they are calculated in different units and because they are assessed based on different drive cycles. In 2009, we switched from reporting European vehicle CO2 emissions as a percent of a 1995 base to reporting actual fleet average CO2 emissions, to parallel our reporting for other regions.

Also see:

E. Ford Switzerland CO2 Tailpipe Emissions per Passenger Vehicle

Grams per kilometer

  2012 2013 2014
Phase in of percent best-CO2-performing vehicles 1243 122.72 126.01
100 percent of vehicles 139 134 135

Data notes and analysis:

  1. Swiss authorities (BFE) publishes final 2014 data. For 2014, 80 percent of the best-CO2-performing fleet vehicles are accounted for in this data, as part of the Swiss phase in plan.
  2. For 2013, final official data from Swiss authorities (BFE) were published in April 2014 for passenger cars (vehicle category M1). For 2013, 75 percent of the best-CO2-performing fleet vehicles were accounted in this data, as part of the Swiss phase in plan.
  3. The 2012 data only includes CO2 monitoring for the second half of the year (Q3 & Q4). For 2012, 65 percent of the best-CO2-performing fleet vehicles were accounted for in this data, as part of the Swiss phase in plan.

Improvement is reflected in decreasing grams per kilometer. “Phase in” data shows an increase in grams per kilometer from 2013 to 2014 because it includes a higher percentage of the vehicle fleet as directed by the EC’s phase in plan, and therefore, includes more vehicles with lower CO2 performance than were included in the 2013 “phase in” data. CO2 emissions for 100 percent of the vehicle fleet increased from 2013 to 2014 due to an increased percentage of non-diesel vehicles in the overall fleet, an increase in automatic vehicles of over manual vehicles, and an increase in relatively higher CO2 emission four-wheel drive vehicles. These figures are based on production data for European markets. European and U.S. fleet CO2 emissions are not directly comparable because they are calculated in different units and because they are assessed based on different drive cycles. In 2009, we switched from reporting European vehicle CO2 emissions as a percent of a 1995 base to reporting actual fleet average CO2 emissions, to parallel our reporting for other regions.

Also see: