Greener Products

We’re committed to doing our share to prevent or reduce environmental, economic and social harm due to climate change. To meet our climate stabilization goals, we are following an ambitious plan to make our products emit less carbon dioxide.

Responding to the risks and opportunities presented by climate change, our science-based global strategy aims to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from our operational processes. It also encompasses our Sustainable Technologies and Alternative Fuels Plan to deliver high-quality products that meet consumer demand while also helping to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) at 450 parts per million.

Through this plan, and working closely with policy-makers around the world, we continue to reduce GHG emissions from our vehicles in line with regional “glide paths.” These trajectories define the emissions reductions needed to meet our climate change commitment. (Read more in Sustainability at Ford.)

We recognize that there’s no single way to improve fuel efficiency and cut vehicle CO2 emissions. That’s why we take a “portfolio approach” across three areas:


To offer customers the “power of choice,” we are developing or have introduced affordable, accessible lower carbon options:

  • New engine/transmission technologies
  • Electrical system improvements
  • Aerodynamic improvements
  • Size and weight reductions
  • Advanced powertrain options
  • Electrified vehicles
  • Vehicles powered by alternative fuels


We are evaluating, developing or have introduced vehicles that use fuels with lower fossil carbon content:

  • Biofuels
  • Electricity
  • Compressed natural gas (CNG)
  • Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
  • Hydrogen


Customers decide which vehicles and fuels to purchase and how those vehicles will be driven and maintained.

We promote “eco-driving,” providing training, information and vehicle technology to help customers use the least fuel possible.

Global Technology Migration Path – CO2 Reduction

For the past eight years, Ford has been following an ambitious plan of vehicle technology and alternative powertrain and fuel actions. By implementing this consistently, we are improving fuel economy and reducing CO2 emissions across our product portfolio, and working toward a more sustainable future.

In Place (2015)

Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)

  • EcoBoost® engines available in nearly all vehicle nameplates
  • Diesel engine/after-treatment technology for reduced emissions

Energy Management, Electrical Architecture and Efficiency

  • Electric power-assisted steering widely available
  • Global migration of battery management systems ongoing
  • Aerodynamic improvements


  • 6-speed replaces 4- and 5-speed automatic transmissions

Alternative Fuels

  • Vehicle and powertrain capability to leverage renewable fuels
  • Flex-fuel vehicles
  • CNG engine prep option available as select markets demand


  • Auto Start-Stop systems introduced
  • Hybrids/plug-in hybrids available in >10% of nameplates
  • 20+-mile plug-in hybrid electric vehicle
  • 76-mile battery electric vehicle

Fuel Cells

  • First-generation automotive fuel cell stack complete

Near Term (2020)

Deploy Advanced Technologies Across Lineup

Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)

  • Development of advanced technologies to further improve EcoBoost® efficiency/performance
  • Innovation in diesel technology

Energy Management, Electrical Architecture and Efficiency

  • Additional aerodynamic improvements


  • High volume 8+ speed automatic transmissions and advanced driveline technologies

Weight Reduction

  • Significant weight reduction on new/major programs

Alternative Fuels

  • Expand product capability for renewable fuels


  • Electrification solutions migrated to manual transmissions
  • High volume application of Auto Start-Stop
  • Hybrids/plug-in hybrids available in >25% of nameplates
  • Introduce 30+-mile plug-in hybrid electric vehicle
  • 200+-mile battery electric vehicle

Fuel Cells

  • Progress second-generation fuel cell technologies

Mid Term (2025)

Expand Electrification and Alternative Powertrain Technologies

Internal Combustion Engine (ICE)

  • Expand/optimize EcoBoost® technologies for electrified and alternative fuel applications and improved fuel properties
  • Further develop diesel technology to enhance capability and affordability in key diesel vehicle segments

Energy Management, Electrical Architecture and Efficiency

  • Develop intelligent energy management technologies, e.g. waste heat recovery

Weight Reduction

  • Continued weight reduction using advanced materials

Alternative Fuels

  • Implement diesel/gasoline technologies compatible with low-carbon/renewable fuels


  • Improved hybrid-specific engines for enhanced system efficiency
  • Expand electrified driveline and transmission technologies
  • Hybrids/plug-in hybrids available in >50% of nameplates
  • Expand battery electric vehicle volume with enhanced battery chemistry, mechanical package and vehicle architecture

Fuel Cells

  • Develop affordable fuel cell powertrain solutions for volume applications

Long Term (2030+)

Next-generation Powertrains and Improved Sustainability Standards


  • Improve sustainability beyond regulatory standards by integrating vehicle technologies, low-carbon/renewable fuels and Ford Smart Mobility solutions
  • Explore cross-sector GHG sustainability opportunities

Weight Reduction

  • Lightweight material models proliferate to global platforms

Alternative Fuels

  • Evolve technologies in response to progress in low-carbon/renewable fuels


  • Next-generation hybrid, plug-in hybrid and battery electric vehicle technologies to further improve weight, size, cost and functionality
  • Continued expansion of all-electric vehicles across portfolio

Fuel Cells

  • Migration timing aligned with fuels and infrastructure

 Data: Vehicle Fuel Economy and CO2 Emissions

What We’re Doing

We continue to improve the fuel efficiency of our gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles through advanced engine and transmission technologies and reduced vehicle weight.

  Improving Fuel Economy

We offer a range of alternative fuels and powertrain options, including electrified vehicles, hybrids and vehicles that run on renewable biofuel blends, natural gas and propane.

  Alternative Fuels and Powertrains

Our use of sustainable materials enhances the safety, fuel economy and performance of our vehicles, and the end-of-life options.

  Using Sustainable Materials