Climate Change Strategy
Our greenhouse gas (GHG) emission-reduction goals are based on scientific consensus about the process of climate change, while also taking public policies and regulations into account.
Our Science-Based Strategy
Our climate change strategy and goals are based on stabilizing the global atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) at 450 parts per million (ppm), the level that many scientists, businesses and government agencies believe may avoid the most serious effects of climate change.
We have developed a CO2 model incorporating “glide paths,” which are specific reduction targets for Ford products and facilities in all our major operating regions.
In 2016 we will begin a second update of our model, evaluating and incorporating the state-of-the-science findings from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessments, and the recent COP21 Paris agreement.
Across our global product line-up, we will improve fuel economy consistent with regulatory requirements, by doing our part for climate stabilization. We translate the stabilization goal into specific CO2 reductions for each of our regional vehicle fleets, taking into account sales growth
We will achieve these goals through ongoing product development to provide consumer choice, including:
- Offering competitive or “among the leaders” fuel economy for each new or significantly refreshed vehicle
- Offering alternative fuel vehicles
- Maintaining our leadership in lightweighting
- Pursuing our electrification strategy
We have applied the CO2 methodology to our facilities also, resulting in GHG emission-reduction targets for our worldwide manufacturing operations.
Globally, we will reduce our facility CO2 emissions by 30 percent from 2010 to 2025 on a per-vehicle basis and reduce average energy consumed per vehicle produced by 25 percent from 2011 to 2016 globally.
A Holistic Approach to the Challenges
A changing global climate has far-reaching impacts for the environment, our business and society. We also recognize that climate-related impacts are linked to other important issues, from water availability and energy security to human rights.
These challenges require a holistic approach. We work with industry partners, energy companies, consumer groups and policy makers to advance solutions, and establish an effective and predictable market, policy and technological framework for reducing GHG emissions.
We base our approach on a number of principles:
Technical, economic and policy approaches need to recognize that all CO2 molecules (or GHG equivalents) produced by human activities contribute to the greenhouse effect, regardless of their source. However, the cost of reducing those emissions varies significantly depending on their source. While we as a society should attempt to achieve the most economically efficient solutions possible, we as Ford are committed to do our fair share
Our sector is an interdependent system in which the vehicle, the fuel and the driver are all critical factors in relation to GHG emissions. For example, automakers can bring to market flexible-fuel vehicles, but successfully reducing GHG emissions depends on fuel companies providing sustainable biofuels, as well as consumer demand for the vehicles and fuels
Technologies, markets, consumer demand and public policies are constantly evolving. The business strategies that Ford implements, and the public policies that we encourage, must have the flexibility to succeed in a range of potential scenarios
Early affordable steps to reduce GHG emissions from our products and processes may delay the need for drastic and costly reductions later. Lack of agreement on long-term solutions cannot be used as an excuse to avoid near-term actions
- E.Dlugokencky and P. Tans, NOAA/ESRL (www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/) accessed May 2016.
- International Energy Agency (IEA), Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 (Paris, France: IEA, 2014). ETP2014 transport summary and scenario summary online data.