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Reporting, Assurance and Frameworks

Welcome to Ford’s 19th annual report on our sustainability progress. At Ford, we see reporting as an ongoing, evolving process, not an annual exercise. We expect our reporting to evolve further still and invite your feedback on this report, as well as our approach to reporting, at

Reporting Scope and Boundaries

This report covers the year 2017 and early 2018. The data is primarily for 2017 (for operations) and for the 2017 and 2018 model years (for vehicles). In addition to this full online sustainability report, we publish an eight-page review (pdf, 3.98MB) for use by employees, customers and other stakeholders.

Consistent with GRI guidance on boundary setting, the data in this report covers all of Ford Motor Company’s wholly and majority-owned operations globally, unless otherwise noted. Boundaries for each material issue are noted in our GRI Content Index.

Where relevant, data measurement techniques, the bases of calculations, changes in the basis for reporting or reclassifications of data previously reported are included as footnotes to tables and charts.

Data Assurance

Data in this report is subject to various forms of assurance, as outlined below and noted in the data tables. The summary report (pdf, 3.98MB) was reviewed by Ford’s top senior executives, as well as the Sustainability and Innovation Committee of the Board of Directors.

Some of the data in our reports has been subject to internal and third-party verification.

  • Financial data was audited for disclosure in the Ford Annual Report on Form 10-K (pdf, 13.8MB)

  • Verification data is not yet available for Ford’s 2017 global facility greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. One hundred percent of Ford’s 2017 global facility GHG emissions will be third-party verified to limited assurance. Over 75 percent of Ford’s 2017 global facility GHG emissions will be third-party verified to a reasonable level of assurance. In addition, all of our European facilities impacted by the mandatory EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU-ETS) are third-party verified. All EU-ETS verification statements are provided to Ford, by facility, from Lucideon (formerly CICS) for U.K. facilities, Lloyds for Spain and Intechnica for Germany. North American facilities are verified against the Climate Registry’s General Reporting Protocol. European facilities are verified against the EU-ETS rules and guidelines

  • Ford reports facility carbon dioxide emissions to national emissions registries or other authorities in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Brazil, China and Taiwan, and the EU (Germany, Spain and U.K.)

  • Various environmental data are reported to regulatory authorities

  • Ford’s facility environmental data are managed using our Global Emissions Manager database, which provides a globally consistent approach to measurement and monitoring

The kind of assurance used for each data set is noted in the data charts.

Reporting Frameworks

United Nations Global Compact

This report serves as Ford’s annual United Nations Global Compact (UNGC) Communication on Progress as it includes:

  See our UN Global Compact Index for further details

UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework

This is our second year of using the UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework (UNGPRF), launched in February 2015 to provide companies with comprehensive guidance on their responsibilities with regards to reporting human rights issues. These are set out in a global standard, the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.

  See the UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework Index for more information

Global Reporting Initiative

This report is “in accordance” with the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Standards at a Comprehensive level. Ford Motor Company transitioned to the Standards in 2016/17.

More information on the GRI Standards can be found on the GRI website.

 See the GRI Content Index for a complete listing of indicators (pdf, 269kb)